Job Description

A dentist is a type of doctor responsible for the health of teeth and gums. They work to help patients prevent decay in the mouth, as well as diagnosing and treating oral disease. They may also help fit dental appliances and refer patients to other oral doctors for a variety of problems.

Rewarding Aspects of Career
  • Compensation is high.
  • Able to help patients maintain a great smile, as well as good oral health.
  • Career offers a great degree of independence.
  • Often a respected member of their community.
2018 Employment
2028 Projected Employment
The Inside Scoop
Job Responsibilities

A dentist will spend most of his or her time in a dental clinic, working through appointments with patients. They will often have a team of office assistants, dental hygienists, and similar assistants to help work with more patients. Yes, a dentist will have their hands in people’s mouths. Gloves are essential.

During a typical day a dentist can expect to:

  • Perform maintenance and cleaning procedures on patient teeth, such as removing decay or poor teeth, filling cavities, affixing crowns, or making models for dentures.
  • Taking and reviewing X-Rays as well as exploring teeth directly with tools.
  • Administering anesthetics to prevent pain, as well as prescribing post-treatment medications.
  • Working with patients on treatment plans to prevent further tooth damage and how to properly care for their mouth and gums.
  • Dentists who own their own practice will often have a hand in the running of the office, including the budget, helping set up appointments, and equipment purchasing. They use a wide variety of specialty equipment.

Some dentists specialize in specific areas, such as:

  • Pediatrics – Working mainly with children
  • Orthodontics – Specifically setting braces and straightening teeth
  • Periodontists – Treating the gums and supporting bones around the teeth.
  • Dentists may work in a large clinic with different specialists who can help support each other in different patient cases.
Skills Needed on the Job

Soft Skills

  • Strong oral and written communication skills.
  • Active Listening
  • Able to provide clear, patient instruction.
  • Critical Thinking and problem solving.

Technical Skills

  • Steady hands and arms
  • Public and customer service skills.
  • Dental tools and diagnosis knowledge.
  • Knowledge of human psychology.
Different Types of Organizations
  • Private Practice
  • Large Dental Offices
  • Government Roles
  • Physician Offices
Expectations and Sacrifices

The most challenging part of becoming a dentist is completing school. Aspiring dentists will be expected to complete Dental School after obtaining a Bachelor’s Degree. Admission to Dental School will typically require pre-requisite courses as part of your undergrad degree – such as Biology and Organic Chemistry.

If you decide to become a dentist later in your undergrad career, you will need to make sure these courses are taken. 

Dental School requires a Dental Admissions Test, usually a year before applying. Once you are in Dental School, you can expect 4 years of training. This is a significant investment and often requires loans or scholarships. It can be challenging to work and keep up with Dental classes.

Being a dentist can be expensive after school as well, especially if you own your own practice. This involves business savvy that may not be covered in classes. It can also be stressful given the level of responsibility as a doctor.

Current Trends

There has been, and continues to be, and increase in technology used in dentistry. This can be as simple as digital X-Rays or as complex as tele-communication consults many miles away.

Technology also has come to dental appliances. Many items such as crowns are still molded, but some are able to be 3D printed. Unique tools can also be 3D printed if only needed once in a while.

Dental Insurance is a struggle for many patients. Many dental practices are creating membership plans to help serve patients. This helps offset cost for less wealthy patients.

Dental treatments and prevention techniques also continue to improve. You will want to keep your knowledge up to date as a successful dentist.

What kinds of things did people in this career enjoy doing when they were young...
  • You probably didn't hate going to the dentist.
  • You played doctor or dentist. 
  • You liked helping people. 
Education and Training Needed
  • Bachelor’s Degree – Biology, or Pre-Dental if your school offers it.
    • Include an Internship
    • Take Dental Admissions Test
  • Dental School
    • Accredited by Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA)
    • 2-4 year Program
    • Master’s Degree
    • 4-6 Years – Surgery Programs, may earn M.D. degree
  • Licensure
    • National Board Dental Examination
    • State/Regional Exam as well
    • Specialties require their own licensure.
  • Continuing Education
    • Typically 30-36 Continuing Education Credits every 3 years.
    • Can count toward specialization
Things to do in High School and College
  • Most dental schools will require a year of Biology, Organic Chemistry, and other science courses.
  • Check when applying to college if a pre-dental program is offered.
  • Take business and marketing courses – this will help you successfully run your own practice.
Typical Roadmap
Gladeo Dentist Roadmap
How to land your 1st job
  • Dentistry is a tightly regulated medical field. All dental schools are regulated by the American Dental Association, which also provides a job board when you are finished with school.
  • As a medical professional, you will work through clinicals and internships as part of your dental training. This will provide you with the opportunity to make connections and build your network. Demonstrating clear skills and a good attitude will help you.
  • Most Dentists will work as an associate Dentist first. This means you will work directly for a private practice owner, or a larger dental firm. During this time, you will develop the skills necessary to take over the practice, or move up to general dentistry.
How to Climb the Ladder
  • As an associate dentist, take time not only to improve your dental skills, but also your business skills. If you would like to own your own practice one day, you will need to understand how to run a business properly. This will also help you move up in a larger practice.
  • As a Dentist, you will be responsible for taking continuing education courses at conferences or Dental Schools. You can also take courses to move out of general dentistry and into a related career. For example, you can specialize in dental surgery, or periodontal work – working with gums and bones.
  • If you want to be a surgeon, you can expect 2-4 more years of Dental School. It is possible to do this immediately, but expect your total Dental School time to stretch to 6 years.
  • There is also an opportunity to do research and publish new procedures. Taking time to present at conferences will improve your standing in the field. One of the great benefits of dentistry is being able to learn from, and teach long-time dentists new tricks.
Recommended Resources


  • American Dental Association
  • Academy of General Dentistry
  • American College of Dentists
  • National Dental Association


  • Dentistry Today
  • The Journal of the American Dental Association
Plan B

Dentistry is a wide ranging field, with several careers both in Dentistry and similar:

  • Academic Dentistry – teaching at Dental School
  • Research, such as with the National Institutes of Health (
  • International Aid through the World Health Organization or UNESCO.
  • Orthodontist

If you choose to pivot before Dental School, you can find work in research, switch to a different medical field like nursing, or attend a shorter program to be a hygienist. 

Words of Advice

It is a long road to become a dentist, and it can be very expensive. However, it is considered a very rewarding and positive career. Dentists are able to have a great deal of freedom in their schedule, as well as earning great compensation.

Be confident Dental School is something you will be able to finish before starting. The cost of dental school is largely offset by your earning potential when completed. 

The profession is social and highly networked. You will have a lot of opportunity to meet other dental professionals and build a great reputation. It is a field that recognizes quality work and knowledge.


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